Enquire Now

X-ray Photoelectron Spectrometer

MANUFACTURER Thermo Scientific (manufacturer's website)
MODEL K-Alpha
ACRONYM XPS
TRAINING Training is required to use this item and we can arrange this if needed.
CUSTODIAN Scott Doak
Enquire about this item
SITE Main Campus

Description

Fully integrated, monochromated small-spot X-ray Photoelectron Spectrometer (XPS) system. State-of-the-art performance, increased ease of use with multi-user environment and fully automated workflow from sample entry to report generation.

X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) or often referred to in general terms as Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA). Used in the element identification of samples and can also provide information about an element's chemical environment or oxidation state. Can be used for almost any solid material, including insulators.

Typical applications

  • Measurement of surface composition in failure analysis and adhesion problems
  • Characterisation of the chemistry of surface treatments
  • Functional group identification
  • Corrosion /oxidation studies
  • Evaluation of surface cleanliness
  • Catalyst characterisation

Theory

In XPS, the surface of a solid sample is irradiated with X-rays. These excite photoemission from the core levels of the atoms present on the surface and the resulting photoelectrons emerging from the surface are collected and their energy analysed. The kinetic energy of a photoelectron depends on the binding energy of electrons in the core levels from which photoemission is excited and each element gives rise to a set of peaks at characteristic energies. Hence the photoelectron spectrum allows identification of the elements present in the surface. The concentrations of these elements can be calculated from the relative intensities of the photoelectron peaks. In addition, the emitted electrons are of such an energy that only those from the top few atomic layers have a significant chance of escaping from the surface without losing energy, hence the technique is highly surface sensitive.

XPS can also provide detailed chemical information about the surface, as the energy of the photoelectron is dependent on the local chemical environment of the atom from which it arose. This often allows the chemistry of the surface to be inferred and the functional groups present to be identified.

Upgrades

  • Additional tilt module for Angle resolved XPS.

Specification

Ion Gun Operating Range100 eV - 4 keV
Maximum Sample SizeMaximum analysis area - 60 x 60 mm
Maximum thickness - 20 mm
Types of Sample MaterialPowders, Solids, Ceramics, Metals, Polymers
Tilt Range-90° to +90°

Upgrades

Tilt module for Angle resolved XPS.

Future Upgrades

Item ID #2121.

Last Updated: 14th January, 2013

X-ray Photoelectron Spectrometer